Free Access
Issue
Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 22, Number 1, January-March 2009
Page(s) 79 - 91
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/alr/2009008
Published online 08 April 2009
  • Anderson E.J., McGillis W.R., Grosenbaugh M.A., 2001, The boundary layer of swimming fish. J. Exp. Biol. 204, 81–102. [PubMed]
  • Atchley W.R., Gaskins C.T., Anderson D., 1976, Statistical properties of ratios. I- Empirical results. Syst. Zool. 25, 137–148.
  • Barlow G.W., 1961, Causes and significance of morphological variation in fishes. Syst. Zool. 10, 105–117. [CrossRef]
  • Barrett D.S., Triantafyllou M.S., Yue D.K.P., Grosenbaugh M.A., Wolfgang M.J., 1999, Drag reduction in fish-like locomotion. J. Fluid Mech. 392, 183–212. [CrossRef] [MathSciNet]
  • Bellwood D.R., Wainwright P.C., Fulton C.J., Hoey A., 2002, Assembly rules and functional groups at global biogeographical scales. Funct. Ecol. 16, 557–562. [CrossRef]
  • Bernadsky G., Sar N., Rosenberg E., 1993, Drag reduction of fish skin mucus. Relationship to mode of swimming and size. J. Fish Biol. 42, 797–800.
  • Blake R.W., 1983, Fish locomotion. Cambridge University Press.
  • Boily P., Magnan P., 2002, Relationship between individual variation in morphological characters and swimming costs in brook charr (Salvelinus fontinalis) and yellow perch (Perca flavescens). J. Exp. Biol. 205, 1031–1036. [PubMed]
  • Boisclair D., Sirois P., 1993, Testing assumptions of fish bioenergetics models by direct estimation of growth, consumption, and activity rates. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 122, 784–796. [CrossRef]
  • Borazjani I., Sotiropoulos F., 2008, Numerical investigation of the hydrodynamics of carangiform swimming in the transitional and inertial flow regimes. J. Exp. Biol. 211, 1541–1558. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Brinsmead J., Fox M.G., 2002, Morphological variation between lake- and stream-dwelling rock bass and pumpkinseed populations. J. Fish Biol. 61, 1619–1638. [CrossRef]
  • Brönmark C., Pettersson L.B., 1994, Chemical cues from piscivores induce a change in morphology in crucian carp. Oikos 70, 396–402. [CrossRef]
  • Broughton N.M., Goldspink G., Jones N.V., 1981, Histological differences in the lateral musculature of 0-group roach, Rutilus rutilus (L.) from different habitats. J. Fish Biol. 18, 117–122.
  • Charnov E.L., Berrigan D., 1991, Dimensionless numbers and the assembly rules for life histories. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 332, 41–48. [CrossRef]
  • Denny M.W., 1994, Extrem drag forces and the survival of wind- and water-swept organisms. J. Exp. Biol. 194, 97–115. [PubMed]
  • Fausch K.D., 1984, Profitable stream position for salmonids: relating specific growth rate to energy gain. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 62, 441–451.
  • Fish F.E., Beneski J.T., Ketten D.R., 2007, Examination of the three-dimensional geometry of cetacean flukes using computed tomography scans: hydrodynamic implications. Anat. Rec. 290, 614–623. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Fisher R., Leis J.M., Clark D.L., Wilson S.K., 2005, Critical swimming speed of late-stage coral reef fish larvae: variation within species, among species and between locations. Mar. Biol. 147, 1201–1212. [CrossRef]
  • Frith H.R., Blake R.W., 1995, The mechanical power output and hydromechanical efficiency of northern pike (Esox lucius) fast-starts. J. Exp. Biol. 198, 1863–1873. [PubMed]
  • Fuiman L.A., Batty R.S., 1997, What a drag it is getting cold: partitioning the physical and physiological effects of temperature on fish swimming. J. Exp. Biol. 200, 1745–1755. [PubMed]
  • Gatz A.J., 1979, Community organization in fishes as indicated by morphological features. Ecology 60, 711–718. [CrossRef]
  • Gore J.A., Nestler J.M., 1988, Instream flow studies in perspective. Regul. Rivers Res. Manage. 5, 129–138.
  • Gray J., 1936, Studies in animal locomotion. VI. The propulsive powers of the dolphin. J. Exp. Biol. 13, 192–199.
  • Gray J., 1957, How fish swim. Scient. Am. 197, 48–54. [CrossRef]
  • Greenberg, L., Svendsen P., Harby A., 1996, Availability of microhabitats and their use by brown trout (Salmo trutta) and grayling (Thymallus thymallus) in the river Vojmån, Sweden. Regul. Rivers Res. Manage. 12, 287–303. [CrossRef]
  • Guill J.M., Hood C.S., Heins D.C., 2003, Body shape variation within and among three species of darters (Perciformes: Percidae). Ecol. Freshw. Fish 12, 134–140. [CrossRef]
  • Hesse R., 1924, Tiergeographie auf Ökologischer Grundlage. Jena: Fisher.
  • Hoerner S.F., 1965, Résistance à l'Avancement dans les Fluides. Paris, Gauthier-Villars.
  • Holliday F.G.T., 1969, The effects of salinity on the eggs and larvae of teleosts. In: Hoar W.S., Randall D.J. (Eds.) Fish physiology, Vol. 1. New-York, Academic Press, pp. 293–311.
  • Holopainen I.J., Aho J., Vornanen M., Huuskonen H., 1997, Phenotypic plasticity and predator effects on morphology and physiology of crucian carp in nature and in the laboratory. J. Fish Biol. 50, 781–798. [CrossRef]
  • Horwitz R.J., 1978, Temporal variability patterns and the distributional patterns of stream fishes. Ecol. Monogr. 48, 307–321. [CrossRef]
  • Hubbs C.L., 1941, The relation of hydrological conditions to speciation in fishes. Symposium on Hydrobiology, Madison, Wisconsin Press, pp. 182–195.
  • Hughes N.F., Dill L.M., 1990, Position choice by drift-feeding salmonids: model and test for arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) in subarctic mountain streams, Interior Alaska. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 47, 2039–2048. [CrossRef]
  • Hughes N.F., Kelly L.H., 1996, A hydrodynamic model for estimating the energetic cost of swimming maneuvers from a description of their geometry and dynamics. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53, 2484–2493. [CrossRef]
  • Keddy P.A., 1992, Assembly and response rules: two goals for predictive community ecology. J. Veg. Sci. 3, 157–164. [CrossRef]
  • Koehl M.A.R., 1989, Discussion: from individuals to populations. In: Roughgarden J., May R.M., Levin S.A. (Eds.) Perspectives in ecological theory. Princeton University Press, pp. 39–53.
  • Koehl M.A.R., 1996, When does morphology matter? Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 27, 501–542. [CrossRef]
  • Köhler C., 1992, Morphologische untersuchungen zur intraspezifischen Variabilität des Rotauges, Rutilus rutilus (L.), aus dem Rhein. Fischökologie 6, 43–67.
  • Kokita T., Mizota T., 2002, Male secondary sexual traits are hydrodynamic devices for enhancing swimming performance in a monogamous filefish Paramonacanthus japonicus. J. Ethol. 20, 35–42. [CrossRef]
  • Lagergren R., Hellsten M., Stenson J.A.E., 1997, Increased drag, and thus lower speed: a cost for morphological defence in Bosmina (Eubosmina) (Crustacea: Cladocera). Funct. Ecol. 11, 484–488. [CrossRef]
  • Lamouroux N., Capra H., Pouilly M., 1998, Predicting habitat suitability for lotic fish: linking statistical hydraulic models with multivariate habitat use models. Regul. Rivers Res. Manage. 14, 1–11. [CrossRef]
  • Lamouroux N., Capra H., Pouilly M., Souchon Y., 1999a, Fish habitat preferences in large streams of southern France. Freshw. Biol. 42, 673–687. [CrossRef]
  • Lamouroux N., Olivier J.-M., Persat H., Pouilly M., Souchon Y., Statzner B., 1999b, Predicting community characteristics from habitat conditions: fluvial fish and hydraulics. Freshw. Biol. 42, 275–299. [CrossRef]
  • Lamouroux N., Poff N.L., Angermeier P.L., 2002, Intercontinental convergence of stream fish community traits along geomorphic and hydraulic gradients. Ecology 83, 1792–1807. [CrossRef]
  • Lamouroux N., Souchon, Y., 2002, Simple predictions of instream habitat model outputs for fish habitat guilds in large streams. Freshw. Biol. 47, 1531–1542. [CrossRef]
  • Lang T.G., 1966, Hydrodynamic analysis of cetacean performance. In: Norris K.S. (Ed.) Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Berkley, University of California Press, pp. 410–432.
  • Lang T.G., Daybell D.A., 1963, Porpoise performance tests in a seawater tank. Naval Ordinance Test Station Tech. Publ. 3063, 1–50.
  • Langerhans R.B., 2008, Predictability of phenotypic differentiation across flow regimes in fishes. Int. Comp. Biol. 48, 750–768. [CrossRef]
  • Langerhans R.B., Layman C.A., Langerhans A.K., Dewitt T.J., 2003, Habitat-associated morphological divergence in two Neotropical fish species. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 80, 689–698. [CrossRef]
  • Liao J.C., 2007, A review of fish swimming mechanics and behaviour in altered flows. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 362, 1973–1993. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Losos J.B., 1990, The evolution of form and function: morphology and locomotor performance in west indian Anolis lizards. Evolution 44, 1189–1203. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Loy A., Cataudella S., Corti M., 1996, Shape changes during the growth of the sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax (Teleostea: Perciformes), in relation to different rearing conditions. An application of thin-plate spline regression analysis. In: Marcus L.F., Corti M., Loy A., Naylor G., Slice D. (Eds.) Advances in morphometrics. New-York, Plenum Press, pp. 399–405.
  • Magnan A., 1930, Les caractéristiques géométriques et physiques des poissons. Ann. Sci. Nat. (10è sér.) 13, 355–489.
  • Mathieson S., Cattrijsse A., Costa M.J., Drake P., Elliott M., Gardner J., Marchand J., 2000, Fish assemblages of European tidal marshes: a comparison based on species, families and functional guilds. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 204, 225–242. [CrossRef]
  • McCutchen C.W., 1977, Froude propulsive efficiency of a small fish, measured by wake visualisation. In: Pedley T.J. (Ed.) Scale effects in animal locomotion. London, Academic Press, pp. 339–363.
  • McGuigan K., Franklin C.E., Moritz C., Blows M.W., 2003, Adaptation of rainbow fish to lake and stream habitats. Evolution 57, 104–118. [PubMed]
  • McLaughlin R.L., Grant J.W.A., 1994, Morphological and behavioural differences among recently-emerged brook charr, Salvelinus fontinalis, foraging in slow- vs. fast-running water. Environ. Biol. Fishes 39, 289–300.
  • Miller G.L., 1984, Seasonal changes in morphological structuring in a guild of benthic stream fishes. Oecologia 63, 106–109. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Moyle P.B., Baltz D.M., 1985, Microhabitat use by an assemblage of California stream fishes: developing criteria for instream flow determination. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 114, 695–704. [CrossRef]
  • Nestler J.M., Milhous R.T., Layzer J.B., 1989, Instream habitat modeling techniques. In: Gore J.A., Petts G.E. (Eds.), Alternatives in regulated river management. Florida, CRC Press, pp. 295–315.
  • Oberdorff T., Hughes R.M., 1992, Modification of an index of biotic integrity based on fish assemblages to characterize rivers of the Seine basin, France. Hydrobiologia 228, 117–130. [CrossRef]
  • Pakkasmaa S., Piironen J., 2001, Water velocity shapes juvenile salmonids. Evol. Ecol. 14, 721–730. [CrossRef]
  • Palmer M.A., Poff N.L., 1997, The influence of environmental heterogeneity on patterns and processes in stream. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 16, 169–173. [CrossRef]
  • Persat H., Olivier J-.M., Pont D., 1994, Theoretical habitat templets, species traits, and species richness: fish in the Upper Rhône river and its floodplain. Freshw. Biol. 31, 439–454. [CrossRef]
  • Pettersson L.B., Brönmark C., 1999, Energetic consequences of an inducible morphological defence in crucian carp. Oecologia 121, 12–18. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Pettersson L.B., Hedenstrom A., 2000, Energetics, cost reduction and functional consequences of fish morphology. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 267, 759–764. [CrossRef]
  • Pouilly M., 1993, Habitat, écomorphologie et structure des peuplements de poissons dans trois petits cours d'eau tropicaux de Guinée. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 26, 313–325.
  • Pouilly M., 1994, Relations entre l'habitat physique et les poissons des zones à cyprinidés rhéophiles dans trois cours d'eau du bassin rhodanien: vers une simulation de la capacité d'accueil pour les peuplements. PhD Thesis, Université Lyon I, France.
  • Power M.E., Sun A., Parker M., Dietrich W.E., Wootton J.T., 1995, Hydraulic food-chain models: an approach to the study of food-web dynamics in large rivers. Bioscience 45, 159–167. [CrossRef]
  • Reilly S.M., Wainwright P.C., 1994, Conclusion: ecological morphology and the power of integration. In: Wainwright P.C., Reilly S.M., (Eds.), Ecological morphology: integrative organismal biology. University of Chicago Press, pp. 339–354.
  • Reiser D.W., Wesche T.A., Estes C., 1989, Status of instream flow legislation and practices. North America. Fisheries 14, 22–29.
  • Ricklefs R.E., Miles D.M., 1994, Ecological and evolutionary inferences from morphology: an ecological perspective. In: Wainwright P.C., Reilly S.M. (Eds.) Ecological morphology. integrative organismal biology. University of Chicago Press, pp. 13–41.
  • Riddell B.E., Leggett W.C., 1981, Evidence of an adaptive basis for geographic variation in body morphology and time of downstream migration of juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 38, 308–320. [CrossRef]
  • Robinson B.W., Wilson D.S., 1994, Character release and displacement in fishes: a neglected literature. Am. Nat. 144, 596–627. [CrossRef]
  • Robinson B.W., Wilson D.S., 1995, Experimentally induced morphological diversity in Trinidadian guppies (Poecilia reticulata). Copeia, 294–305.
  • Rosenfeld J.S., Boss S., 2001, Fitness consequences of habitat use for juvenile cutthroat trout: energetic costs and benefits in pools and riffles. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58, 585–593. [CrossRef]
  • Sagnes P., 1995, Un outil de prise de données sur une image numérisée et son utilité dans les études relatives aux poissons: exemple d'une application concrète en morphométrie. Bull. Fr. Pêche Piscic. 337/338/339, 131-137.
  • Sagnes P., 1998, Morphométrie, potentiel hydrodynamique et utilisation de l'habitat lotique par les poissons: une nouvelle approche écomorphologique. PhD Thesis, Université Lyon I, France.
  • Sagnes P., Champagne J.-Y., Morel R., 2000, Shifts in drag and swimming potential during grayling ontogenesis: relations with habitat use. J. Fish Biol. 57, 52–68. [CrossRef]
  • Sagnes P., Gaudin P., Statzner B., 1997, Shifts in morphometrics and their relation to hydrodynamic potential and habitat use during grayling ontogenesis. J. Fish Biol. 50, 846–858. [CrossRef]
  • Scarnecchia D.L., 1988, The importance of streamlining in influencing fish community structure in channelized and unchannelized reaches of a prairie stream. Regul. Rivers Res. Manage. 2, 155–166. [CrossRef]
  • Schlosser I.J., 1982, Fish community structure and function along two habitat gradients in a headwater stream. Ecol. Monog. 52, 395–414. [CrossRef]
  • Schultz W.W., Webb P.W., 2002, Power requirements of swimming: do new methods resolve old questions? Integr. Comp. Biol. 42, 1018–1025. [CrossRef]
  • Statzner B., 1987, Ökologische Bedeutung der sohlennahen Strömungsgeschwindigheit für benthische Wirbellose in Fließgewässern. Habilitation Thesis. University of Karlsruhe, Germany.
  • Statzner B., Gore J.A., Resh V.H., 1988, Hydraulic stream ecology: observed patterns and potential applications. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 7, 307–360. [CrossRef]
  • Statzner B., Hildrew A.G., Resh V.H., 2001, Species traits and environmental constraints: entomological research and the history of ecological theory. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 46, 291–316. [CrossRef]
  • Statzner B., Holm T.F., 1989, Morphological adaptation of shape to flow: microcurrents around lotic macroinvertebrates with known Reynolds numbers at quasi-natural flow conditions. Oecologia 78, 145–157. [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  • Thienemann A., 1918, Lebensgemeinschaft und Lebensraum. Naturwissenschaftliche Wochenschrift Neue Folge 17, 281–290, 297–303.
  • Vadas R.L.J., Orth D.J., 2000, Habitat use of fish communities in a Virginia stream system. Env. Biol. Fish. 59, 253–269. [CrossRef]
  • Videler J.J., 1993, Fish swimming. London, Chapman & Hall.
  • Videler J.J., Weihs D., 1982, Energetic advantages of burst-and-coast swimming of fish at high speeds. J. Exp. Biol. 97, 169–178. [PubMed]
  • Vogel S., 1994, Life in moving fluids. 2nd edn. Princeton University.
  • Wainwright P.C., 1996, Ecological explanation through functional morphology: the feeding biology of sunfishes. Ecology 77, 1336–1343. [CrossRef]
  • Webb P.W., 1970, Some aspects of the energetics of swimming of fish with special reference to the cruising performance of rainbow trout. PhD Thesis, University of Bristol, England.
  • Webb P.W., 1975, Hydrodynamics and energetics of fish propulsion. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. 190, 1–160.
  • Webb P.W., 1984, Body form, locomotion and foraging in aquatic vertebrates. Am. Zool. 24, 107–120.
  • Weihs D., 1980, Energetic significance of changes in swimming modes during growth of larval anchovy, Engraulis mordax. Fish. Bull. 77, 597–604.
  • Welch P.S., 1935, Limnology. New-York, McGraw-Hill Book Company.
  • Wikramanayake E.D., 1990, Ecomorphology and biogeography of a tropical stream fish assemblage: evolution of assemblage structure. Ecology 71, 1756–1764. [CrossRef]
  • Wilkinson L., Blank G., Gruber C., 1996, Desktop Data Analysis with SYSTAT. Upper Saddle River, Prentice-Hall.
  • Wimberger P.H., 1993, Effects of vitamin C deficiency on body shape and skull osteology in Geophagus brasiliensis: implications for interpretations of morphological plasticity. Copeia 2, 343–351. [CrossRef]
  • Wolter C., Bischoff A., 2001, Seasonal changes of fish diversity in the main channel of the large lowland River Oder. Regul. Rivers Res. Manage. 17, 595–608. [CrossRef]
  • Yalin M.S., 1992, River mechanics. New-York, Pergamon Press.

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.