Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 25, Number 1, January-March 2012
|Page(s)||41 - 54|
|Published online||06 February 2012|
The role of ecological strategies in the colonization success of pelagic fish in a large tropical reservoir (Petit-Saut Reservoir, French Guiana)
1 UMR Borea, centre IRD de Cayenne, rte de Montabo km 0.275, BP 165, 97323 - Cayenne
Cedex, France, French Guiana
2 Laboratoire Hydreco, BP 823, 97388 Kourou Cedex, France, French Guiana
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: 6 December 2010
Accepted: 12 December 2011
Although many studies have been made on fish community changes in reservoirs, the diversity of situations means that general models are still difficult to construct. In order to be useful to managers, the information gathered in these studies must cover the regional taxonomic peculiarities. The inclusion of ecological strategies allows the detection of general patterns of fish community change. In the present study, multivariate analyses and non-parametric tests were used in order to detect relationships between ecological traits of 39 fish species and pelagic fish assemblages. We used gillnet captures of fish made in the Sinnamary River before filling of the Petit-Saut Reservoir and in the reservoir 8 years after closure of the dam and published data on fish species diet, life history parameters and morphology. Significant relationships were detected between fish assemblages and every ecological trait, which would have allowed the forecast of the type of species able to colonize the Petit-Saut Reservoir. Provided that the general characteristics of a river before damming are taken into account, it seems that feeding strategies can be used to predict future fish population and species changes on a general basis. Conversely, the lack of published data prevents definitive conclusions from being drawn concerning life-history and swimming strategies.
Key words: Freshwater fish / Biodiversity conservation / Life history / Diet / Ecomorphology / South America
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2012
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