Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 36, 2023
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||30 October 2023|
Genetic parameters and response to selection for thermal tolerance, summer survival and growth in hybrid oyster (Crassostrea gigas ♀ × C. angulata ♂)
Key Laboratory of Mariculture, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, China
2 Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Handling Editor: Pierre Boudry
Accepted: 23 September 2023
The Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas is the most commonly farmed mollusks worldwide, while its production has been hindered by massive mortalities linked to high temperatures. Selective breeding focusing on thermal tolerance is an attractive option for reducing the impact of massive mortalities, but the genetic basis underlying this trait is currently unknown. Hybridization between C. gigas and C. angulata was conducted and followed by one generation of family selection for thermal tolerance. The genetic parameters for thermal resistance, summer survival and growth and selection response were investigated by using 50 full-sibling families. The mean survival of all families ranged from 30.2 to 69.5%, reflecting the large variation of thermal tolerance in the hybrid population. The estimates of heritability for thermal tolerance were low to moderate, ranging from 0.19 ± 0.03 to 0.27 ± 0.05, confirmed that there is genetic basis for thermal tolerance. The phenotypic (r = 0.537, P < 0.01) and genetic correlations (r = 0.546, P < 0.01) between thermal tolerance and summer survival were positive and significant, while the phenotypic and genetic correlations between growth and survival (including thermal tolerance and summer survival) were positive but low (P > 0.05). High response to selection (ΔG = 36.33%) was observed after one generation of selection for thermal tolerance, and there was also corresponding response (ΔG = 14.46%) for summer survival. These results demonstrated that genetic selection to improve summer survival of oyster may be facilitated by selecting highly heat-tolerant lines.
Key words: Summer mortality / thermal tolerance / hybrid strain / genetic parameter / selection response
© G. Jiang et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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