Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 33, 2020
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||31 August 2020|
Comparisons of day-time and night-time hydroacoustic surveys in temperate lakes
Univ. Savoie Mont Blanc, INRAE, CARRTEL, 74200 Thonon-les-Bains, France
2 Department of Fish Ecology and Evolution, Centre of Ecology, Evolution and Biogeochemistry, EAWAG Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Seestrasse 79, 6047 Kastanienbaum, Switzerland
3 Marepolis, 43 rue Louis Blanc, 11210 Port-La-Nouvelle, France
4 Aquabios Sàrl/GmbH, Les Fermes 57, 1792 Cordast, Switzerland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Handling Editor: Verena Trenkel
Accepted: 16 July 2020
In recent years, due to an increased need for non-intrusive sampling techniques, hydroacoustics has attracted attention in fishery science and management. Efforts to promote standardisation are increasing the accuracy, efficiency, and comparability of this method. The European Water Framework Directive and the Standard Operating Procedures for Fisheries Hydroacoustic Surveys in North American Great Lakes has recommended that surveys be conducted at night. At night, fish usually disperse in the water column, thus allowing for single echo detection and subsequent accurate fish size estimation, while day-time schooling behaviour hampers the estimation of fish size. However, sampling during the day would often be safer and cheaper. This study analyses how fisheries hydroacoustic results differ between day-time and night-time surveys, using data from 14 natural temperate lakes of various size. Data collected during the day and night at two depth layers linked to thermal stratification were compared in terms of acoustic scattering strength, target strength, and biomass estimates. The results showed a significant correlation between day-time and night-time estimates, though biomass in the upper layer was biased for day-time surveys, mainly due to incorrect fish size estimates resulting from rare single echo detections and schooling behaviour. Biomass estimates for the lower depth layer did not significantly differ between the two diel periods. Thus, this study confirms that hydroacoustic sampling in temperate lakes should be performed at night for accurate fish stock biomass estimates.
Key words: Fish stock / diel migration / lake / standardisation / behaviour
© M. Girard et al., by EDP Sciences 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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