Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 30, 2017
International Meeting on Marine Research 2016
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||04 May 2017|
An ecological framework for the development of a national MPA network
Centre of Marine Sciences (CCMAR), University of the Algarve,
Campus de Gambelas,
2 Institute of Marine Research (IMAR), Department of Oceanography and Fisheries, University of the Azores, 9901-862 Horta, Portugal
3 Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre (MARE), Universidade dos Açores, 9901-862 Horta, Portugal
⁎ Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 9 March 2017
Isolated marine protected areas (MPAs) may not be enough to sustain viable populations of marine species, particularly the many small coastal MPAs which resulted due to social, economic and political constraints. Properly designed MPA networks can circumvent such limitations due to their potential synergistic positive effects, but this crucial step is frequently obstructed by lack of baseline ecological information. In this paper, we use systematic conservation planning on European Nature Information System coastal habitat information available for Portugal to demonstrate how an ecologically coherent nation-wide MPA network can be designed. We used the software Marxan to obtain near optimal solutions for each of three pre-determined conservation targets (10%, 30% and 50% protection) while maintaining the cost of including conservation units as low as possible. Marxan solutions were subsequently optimized with MinPatch by keeping each MPA above a minimum size that reflects the existing information on habitat use by some key marine fishes. Results show that 10% protection for all habitats would only require a relatively small increase in the number (from 6 to 10) and area (from 479 km2 to 509 km2) of already existing MPAs in mainland Portugal whereas substantial increases would be required to achieve the 50% target. This rather simple approach offers the added benefit of allowing design improvement as more relevant ecological information becomes available, including deeper habitat mapping across the whole continental shelf, allowing a coherent, adaptive and inclusive optimal MPA network to be designed.
Key words: Marxan / MinPatch / EUNIS / Marine protected areas
© EDP Sciences 2017
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