Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 26, Number 2, April-May 2013
|Page(s)||159 - 170|
|Section||Marine Protected Areas|
|Published online||01 July 2013|
Integrating Marine Protected Areas in fisheries management systems: some criteria for ecological efficiency
Université Européenne de Bretagne, AgroCampus Ouest, UMR 985 Ecologie et Santé des Ecosystèmes, 65 rue de St Brieuc, CS 84215, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Received: 14 May 2012
Accepted: 29 March 2013
Through a review of the scientific literature and a more in-depth qualitative meta-analysis of 16 case studies distributed worldwide, this article aims to study impacts of MPAs on marine living resources, ecosystems and related fisheries and to highlight their criteria of efficiency as management tools for a sustainable exploitation. MPAs are efficient for conservation purposes and resource restoration, especially inside their borders. MPAs can also be part of fisheries management systems, but there is a lack of knowledge about their wider scale impacts on fish stocks, ecosystem and fisheries. Adjacent fisheries can increase their catches near closed areas, but such effects are delayed until after MPA establishment and are often limited over distance. Even though local specificities in ecosystems and fishing resources lead to high variability in MPA effects, four major criteria modulate the efficiency of MPAs for fisheries management: (1) the size of the closed area; (2) the level of protection of essential habitats for exploited resources; (3) MPA integration as part of wider integrated fisheries management plans; and (4) efficient monitoring and regulation systems, including participative decision making, to ensure that restrictive measures are respected.
Key words: Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) / Fishing reserve effects / Fisheries management / Marine reserve network
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2013
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