Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 25, Number 3, July-September 2012
|Page(s)||205 - 214|
|Published online||18 July 2012|
Measuring the adaptability of fleet segments to a fishing ban : the case of the Bay of Biscay anchovy fishery
AZTI, Technological Institute for Fisheries and Food, Marine
Research Division, Txatxarramendi
Ugartea z/g, 48395
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Received: 12 January 2011
Accepted: 26 March 2012
While fishing resources available to fishermen are becoming increasingly scarce, management actions that regulate these resources are becoming more restrictive, to such an extent that some fisheries remain closed for years. The anchovy fishery in the Bay of Biscay, which was closed for 5 years, from 2005 to 2009, is one of the most important sources of revenue for the Basque pelagic purse-seiner fleet. Throughout the course of this closure the fleet was forced to find alternative revenue streams. In the present study, the fishing alternatives were analysed before and during the anchovy fishery closure, defining an adaptability indicator to measure the ability of the fleet to cope with fisheries closures. Four differently-behaved segments were found within the purse-seiner fleet. Only one of these segments managed to maintain the same level of turnover during the anchovy closure, while the others could not reach a minimum level of adaptability. Compensation of the fishery closure through financial aid was studied, analysing the impact that public aid had on the profit of each segment and on the adaptability indicator.
Key words: Anchovy fishery closure / Cluster analysis / Fleet segments / Adaptability / Engraulis encrasicolus / Atlantic Ocean
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2012
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