Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 25, Number 1, January-March 2012
|Page(s)||67 - 75|
|Published online||17 April 2012|
Fitness of early life stages in F1 interspecific hybrids between Dicentrarchus labrax and D. punctatus
1 IFREMER, Centre du Pacifique, Dép. Ressources biologiques et Environnement, UR Ressources marines de Polynésie Française, BP 7004, 98719 Taravao, Tahiti, Polynésie Française
2 UMR 5119 ECOSYM, UM2-UM1-CNRS-IRD-IFREMER, CC093, Université Montpellier 2, place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
3 UMR729 MISTEA, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, Service DIM, CHRU de Montpellier, Université Montpellier 1, 2 place Viala, 34060 Montpellier, France
4 Département Biologie intégrative, Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution, UMR 5554 Université de Montpellier 2, CC 63, place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Received: 1 July 2011
Accepted: 26 March 2012
Inter- and intraspecific crossbreeding experiments were conducted to evaluate the aquaculture potential of hybrids in the genus Dicentrarchus, focusing on fertilisation and hatching success. The experimental design consisted of 24 controlled crosses in which individual and pooled fertilisations were made between wild D. labrax individuals (8 dams and 5 sires originating from West Mediterranean and Atlantic populations) and wild D. punctatus (6 sires). Three experiments were successively performed: (1) dams from the Mediterranean population, individually considered to have good egg quality, (2) dams from Mediterranean population, individually considered to have poor egg quality and (3) crossbreeding using pooled eggs from the Atlantic population. In each case, batches of these eggs were fertilized by sperm from males of the two species. Sperm cell quality (concentration and motility) was verified before experimentation in all cases and equal numbers of sperm cells from each male were used to individually (without inter-sire competition) fertilise egg batches. Through the repeated artificial crosses between female common sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus 1758) and male spotted sea bass D. punctatus (Block 1792), these experiments showed that no post-zygotic reproductive barriers exist to interspecific hybridisation between these two species when using D. labrax as dams and D. punctatus as sires. Phenotypically, the F1 hybrids were easily recognisable: they inherited the characteristic black spots of D. punctatus. Furthermore, embryo survival was significantly higher in interspecific crosses compared with intraspecific controls, showing increased fitness for this trait (increased performance at early life stage). Then, the experimental breeding design validates the observation that West Mediterranean and Atlantic common sea bass populations are different. Indeed, the inter-population crosses (between West Mediterranean dams and Atlantic sires) also revealed increased fitness at early life stages in comparison with the progeny of intra-Atlantic population crosses. However, these individuals were still smaller than their interspecific counterparts. The ability to produce viable F1 hybrids will have significant implications for the practical improvement of sea bass aquaculture.
Key words: Sea bass / Hybrid progeny / Offspring quality / Fitness / Dicentrarchus labrax / Dicentrarchus punctatus
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2012
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