Open Access

Table 1

Case studies explored as examples of collaborations between scientists, decision-makers or managers and/or stakeholders within different frameworks of decision-support to fisheries management by workshop's participants.

  Case study Fisheries and area concerned Objective of the collaboration Start of the collaboration Stakeholders involved Scientists involved Funding References
1 Dutch Science-industry Research Collaboration Netherlands demersal fisheries in the North Sea Research collaboration on stock assessment and gear innovations 2007 Government, Industry, NGO Social scientists and biologists from Wageningen Marine Research and Wageningen University Dutch Government and Industry Steins et al., 2020
2 Australian Partnership model Australian federal fisheries Management purposes based on a spectrum of scientific fisheries management tools 1990's and early 2000's Management and users of the resources Economists and biologists from CSIRO Australian Fisheries Management Authority and industry Smith et al., 1999, 2001
3 French Partnership Bio-economic Working Group Project Bay of Biscay demersal fisheries, Scallop French fishery in the Channel, Hake fishery in the Western Mediterranean Development of tools, methods and a participatory decision-support framework in the context of the development of new management plans under the European Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) Developed in 2009 and continued until 2015 Stakeholders from the fishing industry, the French administration, South-Western Advisory Council (SWWAC) Economists, Social Scientists and Biologists from Ifremer and the University of Brest French Fisheries Administration Macher et al., 2018a
4 Italian Partnership for demersal fisheries Management Plan (MP) Italian demersal fisheries Developing a scientific technical framework to assess impacts of different management scenarios support the preparation of multiannual management plans in accordance with the CFP 2017–2018 Italian Administration Biologists and Economists from the National Research Council (CNR) and from NISEA Italian Administration  
5 AZTI-Spanish secretary partnership Spanish fisheries Iberian waters Bio-economic Impact Assessment of scenarios considered for the management of Spanish fisheries.-supporting decision-making and negotiation of Total Allowable Catch (TAC) and quotas Renewed on a yearly basis Spanish Fisheries Secretary Biologists and Economists from the marine research center AZTI Spanish Fisheries Secretary  
6 Irish Discardless Challenge Trials − Research Partnership Irish fisheries Discard reduction trials 2015 Fishers and their representative organisations, National fisheries development agency Biologists and Social Scientists from Irish Marine Institute and Irish Observers Ltd Discardless EU research project (2015–2019).  
7 French industry self-sampling in Celtic Sea Bay of Biscay, Celtic Sea, French deep-sea fisheries Self-sampling and survey to improve quality for some stock assessment (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, ICES) through external data collection programmes Mid-2000s and still ongoing Industry, National fishing organisations at ecoregion scale Biologists from Ifremer French national projects  
8 IA and evaluation of HCR for the Bay of Biscay Anchovy Long Term MP Bay of Biscay Anchovy Fishery Impact assessment and evaluation of Harvest Control Rules defined with the fishing industry for the anchovy Long Term Management Plan requested by the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF) under EU guidelines 2007, formally updated in 2013 French/Basque Country fishing industry, National administrations and the South-Western Advisory Council (SWWAC) French/Spanish research institutes Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)  
9 Western Waters Multi-annual MP Impact Assessment (IA) European Western waters Fisheries Impact assessment of the Western waters management plan requested by STECF under EU guidelines based on the partnership approach developed (Case study 3) 2009, application to support STECF in 2015 EU DGMARE (+ South-Western Advisory Council (SWWAC) as observer,) Biologists and economists from different institutes (Ifremer,AZTI,..), and the Joint Research Centre (JRC). Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF)  
10 Evaluation of Harvest Control Rules (HCR) for the Bay of Biscay Sole Bay of Biscay Sole Fishery Request from ICES − Evaluation of Harvest Control Rules proposed by the industry, assessment of options considered for the management plan of the Bay of Biscay sole. 2013 Options proposed by the Fishing Industry Biologists from Ifremer, ICES ICES Merzereaud et al., 2013
11 French National Request on EU Landing Obligation French demersal fisheries Request from the French Administration- Provide clarifications of the Landing Obligation (LO) regulation, in relation to de minimis and survival exemption and the quota flexibilities 2015 French Fisheries Administration Biologists and economists from Ifremer French Fisheries Administration  
12 French National Request on impacts of TAC and quotas for the Bay of Biscay Fisheries French Bay of Biscay fisheries Request from the French Administration- Support the negotiations for TAC and quotas 2016 based on scientific assessment of potential impacts of proposed TAC for the French fleets 2015 (for Tac and quotas 2016) French Fisheries Administration Biologists and economists from Ifremer French Fisheries Administration  
13 A participatory-based mapping of the Small-Scale Fisheries (SSF) in the Basque fisheries Basque Small-Scale Fisheries Increase the transparency of bottom up information flow, empowering small-scale representation and administration in decision-making with good information Long-term local project developed over the past decade Basque Government and the fishing sector Economists and social scientists from AZTI Basque Government Strategy Plan 2014–2020  
14 EU DGMARE DAMARA project in the Celtic demersal fisheries Celtic demersal fisheries Developing a platform for science-administration-stakeholders sharing and co-construction. The objective was to provide the scientific support for the development of a management plan in the Celtic Sea” under the DG MARE call “Studies for carrying out the CFP”. 2013–2014 DGMARE, fishing industry from/operating in the Celtic Sea region, Irish Administration scientists of different disciplines and research institutes European DGMARE project (2013-2014)  
15 North Sea mixed fisheries research projects, ICES request and DGMARE direct contracts North Sea mixed fisheries Supporting design of the North Sea mixed fisheries management plan, including FMSY ranges 2010 Fishing industry, DGMARE Scientists from different disciplines and Research Institutes, STECF, ICES European research projects (EFIMAS, MYFISH, SOCIOEC, MAREFRAME, GAP, DrumFish, ECOFISHMAN etc.) and scientific support to ICES and STECF Kempf et al., 2016; Rindorf et al., 2017a,b
16 EU project MAREFRAME- Strait of Sicily trawl fishery Case study Strait of Sicily trawl fishery Developing a decision-support framework through close integration and co-creation with stakeholders in all development phases. In the Strait of Sicily Case study: Supporting the development of multiannual management plan as defined in the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean Resolution GFCM/33/2009/2 2014 Managers and stakeholders: in the strait of Sicily case study: Mediterranean Advisory Council (MEDAC), NGOS, local fishers, fishers representatives, Managers (Italian DG pesca), Sicily region and the FAO. Scientists of natural and social sciences from different research Institutes European research project MAREFRAME- Co-creating Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management Solutions (2014–2017) funded under FP7  
17 EU project SOCIOEC − Bay of Biscay and Celtic sea Case studies European fisheries Design and application of a framework for Impact assessment of scenarios based on a strong engagement of stakeholders in research at each step of the process. 2012 Fishing industry and managers, Collaborations particularly developed with Producers Organisations. Scientists of different disciplines (biology and economy mainly) European research project SOCIOEC (2012–2015)- Socioeconomic effects of management measures of the future CFP- funded under EU FP7 Malvarosa et al., 2019
18 EU project MYFISH- Iberian Waters Case study Iberian Spanish demersal mixed fisheries Impact assessment of alternative management strategies under Management Strategy Evaluation framework 2012 Fishing industry and managers (EU DGMARE) Scientists of different disciplines European research project MYFISH (2012–2016) −Maximizing Yield of Fisheries while Balancing Ecosystem, Economic and Social Concerns − funded under the FP7  
19 EU DGMARE project on SSF sector's participation in decision-making Small Scale Fisheries in Western waters Develop a participatory process under the umbrella of the SWWAC to identify actions encouraging a broader participation from the local to the European decision-making levels 2015 SWWAC and fishing representatives in Spain (Federaciones and Cofradías), France (fishing committees) and Portugal (associations), EU DGMARE Scientists of different disciplines from AZTI EU DGMARE project Enhancing SSF sector's participation in decision-making (2015–2016)  
20 Celtic Sea Herring recovery plan and LTMP decision support Irish herring fisheries Help inform the development of recovery and management plans in the Celtic Sea herring fishery 2012–2015 Irish herring fishing Industry, Celtic Sea Herring Management Advisory Committee Social scientist PhD research project  

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