Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 34, 2021
|Number of page(s)||21|
|Published online||26 May 2021|
Towards transdisciplinary decision-support processes in fisheries: experiences and recommendations from a multidisciplinary collective of researchers
Ifremer, Univ Brest, CNRS, UMR 6308, AMURE, Unité d'Economie Maritime, IUEM, Plouzane, France
2 Wageningen Marine Research, IJmuiden, The Netherlands
3 Fisheries Socioeconomic Department, Centro Tecnologico del Mar-Fundacion CETMAR, Vigo, Spain
4 Wageningen Marine Research, IJmuiden, The Netherlands, Wageningen Economic Research, The Hague, The Netherlands and Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands
5 Univ Brest, Ifremer, CNRS, UMR 6308, AMURE, IUEM, Plouzane, France
6 Ifremer, Unité Sciences et Technologies Halieutiques, Plouzane, France
7 Stazione Zoologica di Napoli Anton Dohrn, Integrative Marine Ecology Department, Naples, Italy
8 Irish Observer Network Ltd
9 AZTI, Txatxarramendi Ugartea z/g, Sukarrieta 48395, Spain
10 CSIRO Oceans & Atmosphere, Hobart, Australia
11 Fishor Consulting, Portsmouth, UK
12 Ifremer, Laboratoire de Technologies et Biologie Halieutiques, Lorient, France
13 NISEA, Fishery and Aquaculture Research Organisation, Salerno, Italy
14 DTU Aqua, National Institute of Aquatic Resources Technical, University of Denmark, Charlottenlund, Denmark
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Handling Editor: Dorothy Dankel
Accepted: 19 April 2021
The shifting policy focus towards Ecosystem Based Management in Fisheries (EBFM) requires the integration of knowledge and disciplines and the engagement of stakeholders to support decision-making processes. Scientists contribute to this through (i) participatory research projects, (ii) stakeholder partnerships and (iii) institutional scientific advice processes. Understanding the role of scientists in such processes, the nature of the interactions between scientists, stakeholders and managers in knowledge integration and the link between science and policy is an emerging field of research addressing transdisciplinary challenges. In 2018, Ifremer-UMR AMURE organized the workshop ‘Science, Partnership and Decision-support in Fisheries’ bringing together international scientists from natural and social sciences to conduct a review based on twenty concrete case studies. Findings indicate that science-stakeholder-manager partnerships for decision-support in fisheries can play an essential role in the transition to EBFM. To foster this transition, eight recommendations are presented that cover the roles of the different participants, the expectations of partnerships, capacity building, the integration of the social sciences, and funding structures. Further, it is recommended that future research and innovation framework programmes into sustainable fisheries and other ocean uses should explicitly include mechanisms to foster transdisciplinary approaches and the development of best practices. Building-up networks and developing reflexive approaches to review experiences and practices for transdisciplinary approaches in EFBM decision-support will contribute to design the next generation transdisciplinary platforms and generating actionable knowledge towards EBFM.
Key words: Ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management / participatory approach / stakeholder engagement / transdisciplinary approaches / role of science / collaborative research
© C. Macher et al., by EDP Sciences 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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