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Table 1

Common fatty acid (FA) biomarkers that were investigated and discussed in the present study.

Source FATMs References
Diatoms EPA, EPA/DHA >1, 16:1ω7/16:0 >1 Dalsgaard et al., 2003; Cabrol et al., 2015; Gaillard et al., 2015
Dinoflagellates DHA, DHA/EPA >1 Søreide et al., 2008; Kelly and Scheibling, 2012
Picoeukaryotes 16:4ω3 + 18:3ω3 Moynihan et al., 2016
Zooplankton 20:1ω9, 20:1ω11, 22:1ω9 Gaillard et al., 2015
Terrestrial plants or seagrasses 18:2ω6 + 18:3ω3 >2.5 Budge and Parrish, 1998
Detritus and bacteria 16:1ω7, i15:0, 15:0, i17−0, 17:0 Pernet et al., 2012; Parrish, 2013; Cabrol et al., 2015; Gaillard et al., 2017

EPA: eicosapentanoic acid, 20:5ω3; DHA: docohexaenoic acid, 22:6ω3.

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