Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 34, 2021
Special Issue - Ecological intensification: A new paragon for sustainable aquaculture
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||16 June 2021|
Environmental amelioration in biofloc based rearing system of white leg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) in West Bengal, India
Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fishery Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata 700094, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Aquaculture, College of Fisheries, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana 141004, Punjab, India
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Handling Editor: Domenico Caruso
Accepted: 19 May 2021
The potential of biofloc media in in-situ environmental amelioration mediated through the removal of nitrogenous metabolites, reduce the dominance of disease-causing Vibrio to beneficial Bacillus community and reduction of costly commercial feed was investigated in white leg shellfish (Litopenaeus vannamei) farming. Three treatments viz. biofloc without neem + commercial feed (B), biofloc with neem +commercial feed (NB), only commercial feed without biofloc (F)and, one control (C) withno biofloc and no feed in triplicate was applied with a stocking density of 60 PL-20 m−3 in outdoor earthen ponds (1000 m3). Two biofloc media (C:N = 15–10:1) with and without neem leave extract were applied with reduction of feed supplement from 50% to 100%. The significant difference was observed in final body weight (33.82 ± 0.18 g) in neem based biofloc media than the other tested shrimp with the survival percentage above 87%. Superiority of biofloc based rearing system over the traditional feed based one was established as live weight gain was 28.48–137% more with a reduction of feed conversion ratio by 7.60% to 8.18% in the former. Moreover, feed cost was reduced both in B (8.1%) and NB (8.77%) compared to conventional feed −based culture system (F). The nutrient profile of floc and shrimp also improved as higher protein content was recorded in floc (18.65–19.63%) and shrimp (24.58–26.29%). The development of biofloc within the culture system resulted in cumulative increase of Bacillus population with concomitant decrease of luminous Vibrio population. The findings of the study strongly indicated that biofloc technology could be a potential tool of ecosystem approach towards in-situ environmental amelioration in shrimp farming ponds with substantial reduction of cost towards feed, aqua chemicals used for disease and environmental health management and other operational cost like water exchange.
Key words: Biofloc / Azadirachta indica / Litopenaeus vannamei / Feed conversion ratio / Heterotrophic bacteria / Luminous vibrio / Probiotic bacteria
© EDP Sciences 2021
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