Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 34, 2021
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||08 February 2021|
Genetic variation of Parapenaeopsis sculptilis (Decapoda, Penaeidae) and reassessment of the phylogenetic relationships within the genus Parapenaeopsis based on mitochondrial DNA variation
Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Iceland, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
2 Faculty of Fisheries, Sylhet Agricultural University, 3100 Sylhet, Bangladesh
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Handling Editor: Carlos Saavedra
Accepted: 28 December 2020
The genus Parapenaeopsis is an important group of marine shrimps for wild capture in the Indo-West Pacific region. Phylogenetics of penaeid shrimps is still a debatable issue. This study focuses on the phylogenetic relationships among seven species within the genus Parapenaeupsis, the population genetic variation of Parapenaeupsis sculptilis along Bangladesh coastline of the Bay of Bengal and the phylogeography of P. sculptilis in the Indian Ocean region by analysing cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 barcode (CO1) sequence. No population structure was detected in P. sculptilis collected from two sampling sites along the Bangladesh coastline (AMOVA and Φ ST = ‑0.014, p > 0.05; F ST = 0.061, p = 0.04), which expanded first around 73 (CI: 36‑119) kyr ago. The genealogical relationships in Bangladesh P. sculptilis population are shallow with haplotype diversity (h) of 0.58 and nucleotide diversity (π) of 0.0014. The different P. sculptilis samples from Bangladesh, India and Mozambique of the Indian Ocean revealed connectivity between western Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal. The phylogeny within the genus Parapenaeupsis showed a polyphyletic relationships for P. hardickwii and its taxonomy needs to be reevaluated. The study will help for genetic upgradation in aquaculture and monitoring of the population genetic diversity of P. sculptilis.
Key words: Bay of Bengal / population genetics / historical demography / effective population size / management / aquaculture
© EDP Sciences 2021
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