Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 32, 2019
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Published online||30 May 2019|
The Native Oyster Restoration Alliance (NORA) and the Berlin Oyster Recommendation: bringing back a key ecosystem engineer by developing and supporting best practice in Europe
Alfred-Wegener-Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Am Handelshafen12, 27570 Bremerhaven, Germany
2 Association of Scottish Shellfish Growers (ASSG), Stirling FK8 2BN, UK
3 The Nature Conservancy, C/O URI Graduate School of Oceanography, 215 South Ferry Rd., Narragansett, RI 02882, USA
4 Institute of Marine Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth PO4 9LY, UK
5 Ifremer, Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, LEMAR, 29840 Argenton en Landunvez, France
6 Wageningen Marine Research, Wageningen University and Research, PO Box 77, 4400 AB Yerseke, The Netherlands
7 Centre for Marine Biodiversity & Biotechnology, EGIS, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK
8 St Abbs Marine Station, St Abbs, Scottish Borders, UK
9 Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Directorate Marine Nature Conservation, Isle of Vilm, 18581 Putbus, Germany
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Handling Editor: Ellen Kenchington
Accepted: 14 May 2019
Efforts to restore the native oyster Ostrea edulis and its associated habitats are gaining momentum across Europe. Several projects are currently running or being planned. To maximize the success of these, it is crucial to draw on existing knowledge and experience in order to design, plan and implement restoration activities in a sustainable and constructive approach. For the development of best practice recommendations and to promote multidimensional knowledge and technology exchange, the Native Oyster Restoration Alliance (NORA) was formed by partners from science, technology, nature conservation, consultancies, commercial producers and policy-makers. The NORA network will enhance scientific and practical progress in flat oyster restoration, such as in project planning and permitting, seed oyster production, disease management and monitoring. It also focuses on joint funding opportunities and the potential development of national and international regulatory frameworks. The main motivation behind NORA is to facilitate the restoration of native oyster habitat within its historic biogeographic range in the North Sea and other European seas along with the associated ecosystem services; services such as enhancing biodiversity, including enhanced fish stocks, nutrient cycling and sediment stabilization. NORA members agreed on a set of joint recommendations and strongly advise that any restoration measure should respect and apply these recommendations: The Berlin Oyster Recommendation is presented here. It will help guide the development of the field by developing and applying best practice accordingly. NORA also aims to combine the outreach activities of local projects for improved community support and awareness and to provide educational material to increase knowledge of the key ecological role of this species and increase awareness among regulators, permit providers and stakeholders. A synthesis of O. edulis restoration efforts in Europe is provided and underlines the general significance in the field.
Key words: Ostrea edulis / Berlin Oyster Recommendation / biogenic reef / ecosystem service / biodiversity
© EDP Sciences 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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