Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 31, 2018
Ecosystem Approach to the management of fisheries and the marine environment in West African waters conference
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||31 January 2018|
Spatial distribution of main clupeid species in relation to acoustic assessment surveys in the continental shelves of Senegal and The Gambia
Centre de Recherche Océanographique de Dakar − Thiaroye (CRODT),
2 Institute of Marine Research (IMR), P.O. Box 1870 Nordnes, NO-5817 Bergen, Norway
3 Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement (IRD), UMR 195 (CNRS, UBO, IRD, Ifremer) Lemar, Route des pères Mariste, BP1389 Dakar, Sénégal
4 Ministry of Fisheries, Water Resources and National Assembly Matters, Gambia, Fisheries Department (FD), Banjul, The Gambia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Handling Editor: Jörn Schmidt
Accepted: 12 December 2017
This work compiles hydroacoustic recordings and catch data over Senegambia (Senegal and The Gambia) from assessment surveys on the major clupeid species to identify sources of bias in abundance estimates caused by their horizontal distribution. The latitudinal distribution of small pelagic fish is often well known, while their “across shelf” distribution on the continental shelf is less understood. The southern part of the Senegambian shelf has a wide shallow water (<10 m) area that makes up 20% (1500 NM2) of the total shelf surface, while the northern part accounts for 3% (200 NM2). These areas are not assessed by conventional fisheries acoustics surveys and therefore increase the uncertainty of the assessment of these species. Our findings show that this likely introduces a bias in the assessment of Sardinella maderensis, while for S. aurita no major estimation-error is caused by their horizontal distribution. The data confirm that Ethmalosa fimbriata and Ilisha africana are challenging to assess by conventional surveys, due to their mostly inshore distribution. We emphasise the usefulness of assessing S. aurita through fisheries independent hydroacoustic surveys, and propose alternative methods to survey shallow water areas to reduce biases in biomass estimates and distribution mapping.
Key words: Fish distribution / Ethmalosa fimbriata / Ilisha africana / Sardinella spp. / West Africa
© EDP Sciences 2018
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