Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 25, Number 2, April-June 2012
|Page(s)||163 - 171|
|Published online||16 July 2012|
Multiple effects of exotic largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) and environmental factors on species richness and composition of pond-dwelling fishes
Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and
Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwaicho,
2 Research Center for Wildlife Management, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, 501-1193 Gifu, Japan
3 Faculty of Science and Technology, Ryukoku University, 1-5 Yokotani, Seta Oe, 520-2194 Otsu, Japan
a Corresponding author :
Accepted: 6 June 2012
The presence of piscivorous fish has a significant effect on the structure of fish assemblages. Exotic, piscivorous largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) have been introduced to a number of Japanese farm ponds that were originally characterized by a high level of biodiversity. We evaluated the effects of exotic bass on the structure of the fish assemblage following their introduction into the farm ponds. We collected fish and measured environmental conditions in 14 ponds of northeastern Japan. The species richness of pond-dwelling fish assemblages was negatively correlated with the relative abundance of exotic bass. In addition, the relative abundance of lentic cyprinid species (e.g., Rhodeus ocellatus ocellatus, Pseudorasbora parva and Carassius sp.) was negatively correlated with the relative abundance of exotic bass. The abundance of these species was also influenced by environmental factors, including transparency and/or coverage of aquatic vegetation, likely related to their influence on the predatory efficiency of exotic bass. Our results suggest that the structure of fish assemblages in farm ponds with exotic piscivorous fish was influenced by both biotic (i.e., predation) and abiotic factors and that some environmental factors mediate the effects of exotic bass on fish species richness and composition.
Key words: Freshwater fish / Exotic piscivore / Pond environments / Fish assemblage / Prey-predator interaction / Micropterus salmoides
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2012
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.