Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 24, Number 2, April-June 2011
|Page(s)||149 - 159|
|Published online||18 July 2011|
Fishing tactics dynamics of a Mediterranean small-scale coastal fishery
Institut de Ciències del Mar (CSIC), Psg Marítim de la Barceloneta, 37- 49 08003
a Corresponding author:
Accepted: 30 May 2011
We analyzed the small-scale fishery in the port of Vilanova i la Geltrú (NW Mediterranean) to assess the fishing practices in this fishery and produce economic indicators of its status. We defined the fishing tactics (or métiers) of this fishery with a multivariate analysis approach for evaluating the main fishery resources and fishing gears employed. Our results show that netters in this fishery practice 7 types of fishing tactics. Five of these fishing tactics, in terms of target species, gear and seasonality, are also used in other small-scale Mediterranean fisheries. The main types of fishing gear (trammel nets, gillnets) and target species (Sepia officinalis, Solea vulgaris, Mullus surmuletus and Merluccius merluccius), and a well defined seasonality, are also observed in other studies of Mediterranean small-scale fisheries. We show that the seasonal rotation of fishing tactics is determined by the availability of different fish species rather than market price. Identifying the fishing tactics, which in the Mediterranean are relatively limited in number, of small-scale fisheries provides information for developing monitoring and management strategies for these fisheries. We also assessed the economic performance of the small-scale fishery in Vilanova i la Geltrú and its conflicts with other uses of the coastal zone. We conclude that small-scale fisheries are an economically viable activity although seriously threatened by concurrent uses of the coastal zone (conflict with other extractive activities; competition for space with tourism and leisure activities; pollution). The integrated management of the uses of the coastal zone is necessary in order to sustain small-scale fisheries, which have become less important in economic terms, but which are an important social component of local coastal communities and are a source of high quality seafood with a low ecological impact.
Key words: Small-scale fishery / Multivariate analysis / Fishing tactics / Métiers / Trammel net / Gillnet / Northwestern Mediterranean
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2011
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