Open Access

Table 2

Studies on diets of C. zillii in different lakes and reservoirs in Africa and the Middle East.

Waterbody Type of consumed food Remarks References
Lake Turkana, Kenya/Ethiopia Insects and high trophic level zooplankton
Macrophytes and Epilithic algae
Phytoplankton is rarely consumed
Predominantly macrophytes
Sharapi (2022)
Gownaris et al. (2015)
Lake Ziway, Ethiopia Macrophytes, detritus and phytoplankton Insects and zooplankton are also detected, but constitute less than 10% of the consumed food Dadebo et al. (2014)
Negassa and Prabu (2008)
Lake Nasser, Egypt Detritus, plant, diatoms, zooplankton and insects Green algae and blue green algae are also observed but in smaller proportions Kariman et al. (2020)
Lake Ayamé, Côte d'Ivoire Macrophytes, insects and mollusks parts Food of plant origin constitute larger proportion Shep et al. (2013)
Lake Kinneret, Israel Algae, macrophytes and invertebrates About half of consumed food is an arthropod Spataru (1978)
Nile River Canal, Egypt Macrophytes, algae, insect larvae and crustacean More than 90 % of the consumed food is from macrophyes and algae Khallaf and Alne-na-ei (1987)
River Otamiri, Nigeria Aquatic plants, algae and insect larvae Aquatic plants observed only in adults Agbabiaka (2012)

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