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Table 2

Definition of turbot larval categories, or Modal Action Patterns (MAPs, after Brown, 1986).

Definition of categories (Larval Modal Action Patterns (MAPs))
Swim The larva swims actively
Pause The larva is motionless for ≤2 s (similar to non-swimming in Munk, 1995) including when the larva rests immobile on the bottom of the aquarium
S-shape The larva make an S-shape with its body when locating a prey
Tilted S-shape The tilted larva (benthic) makes an S-shape with its body when locating a prey
Attack The larva performs a short forward burst while opening its mouth (after Munk, 1995)
Shake Several rapid sideways movements propagating from head to tail

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