Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 36, 2023
Special Issue - COVID-19 effects on fisheries and aquaculture food systems
|Number of page(s)||19|
|Published online||26 April 2023|
Fisheries and aquaculture products consumption in France: when the Covid-19 crisis did not lead to more sustainable purchases
Ifremer, Univ Brest, CNRS, UMR 6308, AMURE, Unité d‘ Economie Maritime, IUEM, 29280 Plouzané, France
2 Institut Agro, INRAE, SMART, 65 Rue de Saint-Brieuc − CS 84215, 35042 Rennes Cedex, France
3 Université Brest, Ifremer, CNRS, UMR 6308, AMURE, IUEM, 29280 Plouzané, France
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Handling Editor: Olivier Thebaud
Accepted: 24 January 2023
In terms of food consumption, sustainability dimensions are often conflicting with purchasing power and practical purchases. France lands, farms, imports, and consumes large quantities of fisheries and aquaculture products (FAPs). The pandemic affected both domestic and foreign FAP supply through restrictions on trade and fishing conditions. Numerous sale points offering FAPs were closed during the pandemic. This general context has likely questioned the role of consumers on environmental, economic, and social matters. The aim of the paper is to assess whether the Covid-19 crisis has been an opportunity for French consumers to align their consumption at-home with the environmental issues by favouring domestic producers, short channels, or eco-friendly products. Quantitative data on at-home ordinary household purchases in metropolitan France from 2017 to 2021 was used along with t-test methods. It seems that fresh FAPs consumption did not truly adapt to the domestic fish production in defiance of import restrictions and available surpluses. While fresh shellfish at-home consumption did not change significantly in 2020, salmon and cod are still widely favoured by French consumers at-home, although their French production is virtually non-existent. On the contrary, domestically produced fish species remains poorly consumed at-home. The abundant supply of fresh salmon initially intended for other markets has permitted to consolidate the dominant position of this species on the French at-home consumption market. Initiated by supermarkets and hypermarkets and followed up by consumers, the trend of purchasing pre-packaged fresh fish has been substantially amplified by the pandemic and seems to persist over time.
Key words: COVID-19 / seafood / fishery and aquaculture products (FAPs) / sustainable consumption
© K. Heutte et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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