Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 34, 2021
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||20 May 2021|
The relationship between target strength frequency response and vertical swim velocity: a new approach for fish discrimination
Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research, Yigal Allon Kinneret Limnological Laboratory, P.O. Box 447, Migdal 1495000, Israel
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Handling Editor: Verena Trenkel
Accepted: 30 April 2021
In-situ identification of fish species using acoustic methods is a key issue for fisheries research and ecological applications. We propose a novel approach to fish discrimination based on the relationship between target strength frequency response (TS(f)) and vertical swim velocity (VSV), as a proxy of fish body orientation. The measurements were carried out with a wideband echosounder on live fish of five species confined in a net cage. The data show a large dependence of TS(f) on VSV. To compare the variability of frequency responses of different fishes, we calculated ΔTS(f, VSV) as the difference between the TS(f) at given VSV and the TS(f) at VSV = 0, i.e. when the fish was swimming horizontally. We demonstrated that the relationships between ΔTS and VSV were similar for fish of the same species but dissimilar for different species. This implies that the acoustic fish discrimination in nature might be performed when the variations of the VSV can be measured from acoustically tracked fish. This can be a promising method for remote fish discrimination, for instance, for fish with diurnal vertical migrations. Further validation of this approach for fish recognition is required.
Key words: Fish species discrimination / wideband echosounder / target strength / frequency response / vertical swim velocity
© EDP Sciences 2021
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