Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 32, 2019
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||10 October 2019|
Genetic analysis of populations of brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) from the Romanian Carpathians
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Bucharest, 91-95 Splaiul Independenței, Bucharest, Romania
2 Applied Ecology Research Center, Faculty of Sciences, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 5-7 Ion Rațiu Street, Sibiu, Romania
3 Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 5-7 Ion Rațiu Street, Sibiu, Romania
4 Department of Biology, Ecology and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Sciences, Vasile Alecsandri University of Bacău, 158 Calea Mărășești, Bacău, Romania
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Handling Associate Editor: Carlos Saavedra
Accepted: 4 September 2019
The Carpathian Mountains are one of the most complex orogenetic areas of Europe, with unique fauna, including the brown trout (Salmo trutta). In this study we performed population genetic analysis of 12 different S. trutta populations using two types of molecular markers: nine microsatellites and mitochondrial D-loop sequences. The following working hypothesis was considered: the Romanian Carpathians and their surrounding lowlands can be key relief units based on which the S. trutta genetic diversity, spread, distribution, connectivity, relative isolation and genetic divergence can be at least partially explained. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that the majority of sequences were grouped in the Danubian clade. The high haplotype diversity of the 12 analyzed brown trout populations can be explained by the high nucleotide diversity. The microsatellite analysis revealed an inbreeding event for all the loci and for the populations analyzed. The Romanian Carpathians' shape and geographic orientation play a zoogeographical key role driving force in respect to the S. trutta populations.
Key words: Brown trout / Carpathians Mountains / genetic diversity / microsatellites / mitochondrial DNA
© EDP Sciences 2019
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