Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 31, 2018
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||20 February 2018|
Preovulatory follicle growth dynamics indicates daily spawning synchronicity in wild-caught Atlantic horse mackerel off Portugal
School of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AUTH,
2 Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, IPMA, Lisbon, Portugal
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Handling Editor: Mohamed Salah Romdhane
Accepted: 24 December 2017
The Atlantic horse mackerel, Trachurus trachurus, is a commercially important species whose daily spawning dynamics are not yet fully understood. Existence of spawning synchronicity would facilitate application of the daily egg production method for estimating the spawning biomass of the southern stock of the species in the Northeast Atlantic. The intent of this work was to study preovulatory follicle (PREF) growth dynamics in wild Atlantic horse mackerel to determine the existence of daily spawning synchronicity in the population. The size and translucency of hydrated oocytes increased significantly between early morning and late afternoon; this pattern was the same for two study years. This morpho-developmental shift led to the appearance of previously indistinguishable oil drops in ovarian whole mounts which is an easily observed microscopic descriptor of PREF growth. The results clearly suggested that PREF growth was well synchronized between Atlantic horse mackerel that were capable of spawning and provided evidence for the existence of daily spawning synchronicity in the population. Apart from sampling time of day, the size of hydrated oocytes was shown to be affected by body size: a 10 cm difference in maternal length corresponded to a 0.030 mm difference in the diameter of hydrated oocytes. In contrast, the size of early germinal vesicle migration oocytes was correlated neither to sampling time nor to maternal size which suggests that the abrupt increase in PREF size only commences after the onset of the actively spawning sub-phase.
Key words: Trachurus trachurus / daily spawning synchronicity / daily egg production method / preovulatory follicles / oocyte size
© EDP Sciences 2018
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