Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 28, Number 1, January-March 2015
|Page(s)||1 - 10|
|Published online||06 July 2015|
The structure of a nearshore fish assemblage at an oceanic island: insight from small scale fisheries through bottom traps at Gran Canary Island (Canary Islands, eastern Atlantic)
IU-ECOAQUA, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran
Canaria, 35017 Las Palmas de
2 Instituto de Ciencias del Mar (ICM-CSIC), Passeig Marítim 37-49, 08003 Barcelona, Cataluña, Spain
a Corresponding author:
Accepted: 11 June 2015
Unsuitable management of fisheries may lead to overexploitation of marine resources. Oceanic islands with narrow continental shelves, in particular, are sensitive to unsustainable levels of fishing intensity. Fish traps are the modality of artisanal professional fishing more important in the coastal waters of the Canary Islands (eastern Atlantic) to capture demersal resources, which are deployed all year-round and allow a release of undersized captures. We aimed at studying the structure of nearshore fish assemblages through deployment of benthic bottom traps carried out at Gran Canary Island. A quantitative description of catches, in terms of abundance, biomass and sizes, of traps deployed from May to October 2009, between ca. 20 to 50 m depth, was carried out. We used this information to test whether the structure of nearshore fish assemblages at the island scale varied between three zones located at the NW, NE and E of the island with varying habitat structure. A total of 58 species (22 families) were collected for the overall study from a total of 2568 deployed traps. The species Sparisoma cretense (25% of the total biomass), the family Sparidae (16 species, 44%) and Mullus surmuletus (4%) accounted for more than 73% of the total catch in terms of biomass. The parrotfish, S. cretense, was the fish with the largest catches in terms of number of individuals, followed by Dentex gibbosus, Diplodus vulgaris, Stephanolepis hispidus, Chromis limbata and Mullus surmuletus. Differences in the structure of the fish assemblage at the island scale were not predicted by differences in the type of bottom. Fishing yields were similar between the NW (0.16 ± 0.02 kg trap-1 day-1) and NE side of the island (0.19 ± 0.01 kg trap-1 day-1), being lower at the E zone (0.15 ± 0.01 kg trap-1 day-1). The most abundant species, the parrotfish S. cretense, had a mean size close to its first maturity sizes (SFM50), while both D. gibbosus and D. vulgaris were below SFM50. In general, the mean size of Sparids was well below SFM50, an indication of overexploitation, while M. surmuletus and S. hispidus reached a mean size beyond their first maturity sizes.
Key words: Ichthyofauna / habitat / diversity / coastal fishery / Atlantic Ocean
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2015
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