Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 17, Number 3, July-September 2004The "Erika" Oil Spill: Environmental Contamination and Effects in the Bay of Biscay
|Page(s)||297 - 302|
|Published online||15 July 2004|
Monitoring of immunotoxic responses in oysters reared in areas contaminated by the “Erika” oil spill
Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement marin, UMR 6539-LEMAR,
Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Université de Bretagne Occidentale,
Technopôle Brest-Iroise, 29280 Plouzane, France
Corresponding author: Michel.Auffret@univ-brest.fr
Accepted: 30 July 2004
Immunological alterations may be used as ecotoxicological biomarkers to detect and monitor biological effects of chemical contaminants in polluted environments. This study reports on a survey of Pacific oysters from the Atlantic coast of Britanny (France) after the “Erika” oil spill. Reared stocks were sampled twice a year from November 2001 to March 2003 at three impacted sites and at an additional site outside the spill area. A multiparametric diagnosis of the immune system was performed on individual hemolymph samples to identify structural, immunopathological alterations and functional impairment of immunocompetent cells. One year after the spill, severe immunological alterations were observed in a site heavily impacted by oil. Since the oysters there had higher contents of PAH compared to the other sites, it was suggested that chronic contamination, possibly generated by oil trapped in the sediments, had induced immunotoxicity. Moreover, moderate variations in some hemolymph parameters observed at the non-impacted area strongly suggested that natural environmental factors may have generated physiological stress. An immunotoxicological index applied here in order to integrate all measurements of defense-related functions appeared to be an efficient tool to identify samples suffering immunological stress.
Key words: Immunotoxicology / Bivalve molluscs / Monitoring / Environmental stress / PAH
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD, 2004
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.