Aquat. Living Resour.
Volume 13, Number 5, September-October 2000Shallow Water Fisheries Sonar
|Page(s)||291 - 295|
|Published online||15 September 2000|
Point-source violations: split-beam tracking of fish at close range
BioSonics Inc., 4027 Leary Way NW, Seattle, WA 98107, USA
2 Aquacoustics Inc., 112 Charter Place, Mooresville, NC 28117, USA
3 Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 1255 West 8 Street, P.O. Box 25526, Juneau, AK 99802-5526, USA
4 University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Department of Mathematics, Fairbanks, AK 99775-7220 USA
Accepted: 28 September 2000
Split-beam positional estimates of fish detected in a river at close range often do not correspond to the actual position of the target. These inaccuracies create problems in determining whether a fish is moving upstream or downstream. We hypothesize that these positional estimates are degraded by two factors: size of target relative to beam diameter, and the complex scattering of the fish. These parameters create a near-field effect, within which the phase measurements of the returning echoes are corrupted. Examples of fish tracks from near and far range fish detected by a split-beam echo sounder are provided to illustrate these inaccuracies. Experimental data from tethered spheres and complex targets show increasing distortion with target complexity and proximity to the transducer.
Key words: split-beam / point-source / fish tracking / positional estimates
© Elsevier, Inra, Ifremer, Cemagref, Ird, Cnrs, 2000
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