Comparative analysis of oxygen consumption rates between cupped oyster spat of Crassostrea gigas of French, Japanese, Spanish and Taiwanese origins
Shellfish Aquaculture Research Laboratory of Poitou-Charentes, Ifremer, B.P. 133, 17390 La Tremblade, France
2 Laboratory of Estuarine Ecology, Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdañsk, Al.Marszalka J.Pilsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland
3 Genetics and Pathology Research Laboratory, Ifremer, B.P. 133, 17390 La Tremblade, France
Accepted: 30 July 1999
Respiration rates of various geographical strains of Crassostrea gigas were compared to assess the respiratory expenditure as a physiological indicator of catabolism (cost of maintenance). Parental oysters, sampled in France (Marennes-Oléron), Japan (Hiroshima), Taiwan (Tunkang) and Spain (Cadix), were differentiated by both their geographic origin and by mitochondrial DNA markers, allowing the distinction between the two closely related taxa Crassostrea gigas and Crassostrea angulata. After reproduction of these parental oysters, respiration rates of spat of each strain, reared under common controlled conditions, were individually estimated at 20 °C by using a volumetric microrespirometer. Our results demonstrated that physiological variability existed among the Crassostrea gigas strains and is likely to be related to physiological differences between geographical regions and/or genetic adaptations. The French strain showed the highest rates (0.71 μL·h−1), while the Japanese, Taiwanese and the hybrid between Spanish and French strains consumed less, 0.53, 0.43 and 0.40 μL·h−1, respectively. Our results confirmed the discrepancies previously suggested between Crassostrea gigas and Crassostrea angulata. Comprehensive physiological assessments should be carried out over a wide temperature range to confirm our results and to further evaluate growth potential. Appropriate decision making based on these studies will help future shellfish management in shellfish rearing areas such as the overstocked Marennes-Oléron Bay.
Key words: Respiration rates / metabolism / Crassostrea gigas / Crassostrea angulata / hybrids / oyster strains / NE Atlantic / Pacific Ocean
© Elsevier, IRD, Inra, Ifremer, Cemagref, CNRS, 1999