Biogas production from solid wastes removed from fish farm effluents
Animal Production Science Department Udine University, Via S. Mauro 2, 33010 Pagnacco (UD), Italy
Accepted: 21 April 1998
An experimental small scale partial recirculating system for rainbow trout was assembled. The system components were two 1.3-m3 fish tanks with sloping bottoms, each connected to a sedimentation column and containing 50 kg rainbow trout biomass, an anaerobic up-flow digester (total volume 0.424 m3, available volume 0.382 m3) connected to the funnel shaped bottom of the sedimentation column by means of a peristaltic pump, an aerobic submerged plug-flow filter (total volume 1 m3; filled with 0.83 m3 plastic rings with a specific surface of 194 m2·m−3) and a submerged pump. Aeration was provided through porous stones. The anaerobic digester was filled with 35 mm cubes of expanded polyurethane foam (25 pores·cm−2, specific surface 1.375 m2·m−3, filtering volume 0.291 m3) and kept at a temperature of 24−25 °C using an electric heater. The gas chamber at the top of the anaerobic digester was connected to a gas meter and to an infrared continuous gas analyser. Measures on system performance with a recirculation rate of 60 % were done following three feeding levels (1, 1.5 and 2 % live weight). At the highest feeding rate, 2.8 L of faecal sludge collected from the trout tanks were pumped every four hours in the anaerobic digester. Slurry characteristic were: total N 0.197 g·L−1, TAN 0.014 g·L−1, volatile solids (VS) 16.91 g·L−1, suspended solids (SS) 21.39 g·L−1 and pH 6.9. Biogas production was 144 L·d−1 (mean value) with a methane content higher than 80 %. Methane volumetric production was 0.3 m3·m−3·d−1 and methane daily yield was 0.4 and 0.32 m3·kg−1 VS and SS respectively. After passing through the anaerobic digester, effluents were characterized by a total N content of 0.243 g·L−1, TAN 0.222 g·L−1, VS 1.1 g·L−1, SS 1.32 g·L−1 and pH 6.8. The anaerobic digester was able to significantly reduce VS and SS content of wastewater and the zeolite ion-exchange column significantly improved water quality of effluent produced by the digester. The aerobic biofilter significantly reduced the ammonia content of the water leaving the fish tanks.
Key words: Fish wastewater treatment / aerobic submerged plug-flow filter / anaerobic digester / biogas production / zeolite exchange column / rainbow trout
© Elsevier, IRD, Inra, Ifremer, Cemagref, CNRS, 1998