Tolerance of bivalve mollusc hemocytes to variable oxygen availability: a mitochondrial origin?
Université de Bretagne Occidentale, IUEM, LEMAR
Laboratoire des Sciences de l’Environnement marin, UMR 6539,
b Corresponding author:
Accepted: 6 June 2013
Bivalve molluscs survive lack of oxygen and may present cellular characteristics allowing tolerance to oxygen deprivation. The objective of the present work was to determine in vitro responses of circulating cells (i.e., hemocytes) of Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, to oxygen deprivation by analysis of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Hemocytes submitted to oxygen deprivation showed a reduced ROS production and an increased ΔΨm. Confrontation of present results with recently reported findings allows us to hypothesize the existence of an alternative mitochondrial reductase, and the involvement of mitochondrial potassium channel in maintenance of ΔΨm. Tolerance of bivalve hemocytes to variable oxygen availability appears, at least partially, related to mitochondrial specificities.
Key words: Hemocyte / Hypoxia / Mitochondria / Reactive oxygen species / Flow cytometry / Oyster
© EDP Sciences, IFREMER, IRD 2013