Typology of individual growth in sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)
Équipe nutrition, aquaculture environnement, Unité mixte Inra–Ifremer de nutrition des poissons, Station d’hydrobiologie Inra, 64310 Saint-Pée-sur-Nivelle, France
2 Present address: Laboratoire de sciences animales, INPL UHP, Muséum aquarium de Nancy, 34, rue Sainte-Catherine, 54000 Nancy, France
3 Station d’aquaculture expérimentale Ifremer, chemin de Maguelone 34250 Palavas, France
Accepted: 5 March 2001
The individual growth variability of passive integrated transponder tagged sea bass was studied using data sets from two different experiments. In experiment 1 (n = 485), fish submitted to different photoperiod regimes were held in fourteen groups of individual weight of 88 ± 13 g (mean ± SD). In experiment 2 (n = 748, initial weight 243 ± 30 g) fish were held in fifteen groups and had either free or restricted access to diets with three lipid levels. After adjustment for treatment and tank effects, individual growth curves were analysed using multivariate analysis (principal component analysis and clustering) and were modelled using the summary statistics technique. Different growth profiles where characterized. All of them appeared to be curvilinear. They differed in their level (initial and final weight), slope (slope, specific growth weight, gain) and especially the ratio of males, which showed sexual growth dimorphism. The fish with similar initial weight proved to have very different growth performances, regardless of the treatment effect. Within the same sex, part of the variability between the growth profiles could be explained by differences in the social interactions and in the genetic potential of growth among individuals.
Key words: growth curves / modelling / sea bass / typology / variability
© Elsevier, IRD, Inra, Ifremer, Cemagref, CNRS, 2001