Effect of inhibitors present in protein sources on digestive proteases of juvenile sea bream (Sparus aurata)
Dpto. Biología Aplicada, Escuela Politécnica Superior, Universidad de Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
Accepted: 30 June 1999
The presence of protease inhibitors in different ingredients used in fish feeds may negatively affect their digestive utilisation. The effect of inhibitors present in several protein sources on the activity of digestive proteases of sea bream was assessed using ‘in vitro’ assays. Inhibition produced by extracts of plant proteins ranged from 25 to 50% of total activity, whereas that obtained using animal protein sources ranged from 1 to 20 %. The exception was ovoalbumin, which showed the highest measured value (62 %). A plot of the inhibition values obtained by changing the relative concentrations enzyme/inhibitor resulted in different curves for different protein sources. The use of sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) zymograms allowed visualisation of the aforementioned differences in inhibition. The importance of measuring protease inhibition in the preliminary evaluation of fish feed ingredients is discussed.
Key words: Protease inhibition / proteases / ‘in vitro’assays / Sparus aurata / sea bream
© Elsevier, IRD, Inra, Ifremer, Cemagref, CNRS, 1999