Comparison of brown trout (Salmo trutta) reared in fresh water and sea water to freshwater rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): II. Phosphorus balance
Station de Palavas, IFREMER, 34250 Palavas-les-Flots, France
2 Laboratoire de Nutrition des Poissons, IFREMER-INRA, BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France
3 Laboratoire de Physiologie des Poissons, IFREMER, BP 70, 29280 Plouzané, France
Accepted: 15 December 1997
Brown trout and rainbow trout (average weight 100 g) were reared in fresh water at 12 °C under the same conditions before transferring brown trout to sea water, in order to compare phosphorus utilisation in both species. Apparent phosphorus availability, orthophosphate excretion and phosphorus accretion in the fish were directly determined. Thus, actual phosphorus mass balance was built. Rainbow trout raised in fresh water had a higher phosphorus retention coefficient (maximum 50 %) than brown trout reared in fresh water (maximum 45 %). Transferring brown trout to sea water induced a reduction in phosphorus retention (maximum 39 %). Orthophosphate excretion, ranging 7-20 mg phosphorus per kg wet weight per day, represented 10-20 % of ingested phosphorus. Phosphorus availability was lower in brown trout raised in sea water (65 %) than brown trout raised in fresh water (76 %). Phosphorus balance measurements showed that 90 to 98 % of phosphorus flow could be accounted for.
Key words: phosphorus intake / digestibility / excretion / Salmo trutta / Oncorhynchus mykiss
© Elsevier, IRD, Inra, Ifremer, Cemagref, CNRS, 1998